'Jhum Cultivation' is an important practice in Mizoram. It includes slashing down the jungles, burning the leaves and cultivating the lands. All the major agricultural activities and festivals in Mizoram rotate around the operations of Jhum.
The people of Mizoram have still kept their traditional heritage alive. The conventional customs remain intact till date. An extraordinary tribal flavor accompanies the celebration of fairs and festivals in Mizoram. Since Christianity forms the major part of the population, the New Year's and Christmas are the most important celebrations in Mizoram. Several traditional festivals also form a part of the major celebrations.
Kut are the traditional festivals of Mizoram. Some of those important ones celebrated with great pomp and show are namely:
Chapchar Kut is one of the most important spring festival. After the clearing of the forests for jhum cultivation, this festival is celebrated with great fervor by the people of Mizoram. Irrespective of the age, both young and old participate in the festivities with equal enthusiasm. People dressed in bright costumes with attractive head gears sing, dance and make merry. Men and women perform folk dances and sing several traditional songs as well followed by beats of drums and cymbals. It is normally celebrated during the first week of March every year
Pawl Kut is the greatest of all the festivals celebrated in the state of Mizoram. Once all the harvests are over, this Harvest Festival is celebrated with great fun. The festival is usually celebrated either in the month of December or January.
Lyuva Khutla (festival) is celebrated after completion of arduous jhumming task (slash and burn). It is celebrated as thanksgiving to the almighty for his helps and blessings.
Lyuva Khutla, the most important and biggest cultural as well as thanksgiving festival of the Mara tribes of Mizoram, was celebrated in southern Mizoram’s Siaha and Tipa .
Khuado Kut (festival) is celebrated by the Paite community . It is a festival of symbolic expression of thanksgiving to the Almighty for having blessed and given a bountiful harvest.